What Causes Sprains and Strains?

Sprains and strains can occur whether you are an athlete, sedentary, or somewhere in-between. When it comes to treating sprains and strains, Shephard Health uses a collaborative approach to health care, by utilizing one of our many wellness services to correct and treat your condition.


Your joints are surrounded by tough bands of connective tissue called ligaments. Your joints are also enclosed inside a membrane that is filled with synovial fluid. This fluid lubricates the joint which helps to nourish, support, and provide cushioning against impact. When a joint suffers a sprain, the injury typically causes small tears – also known as micro-trauma – of the ligaments. The most common joints that sustain sprains include the ankle, knee, and wrist.


Similar to sprains, a muscle strain involves the connective tissue, known as tendons. When the tendons sustain an injury, it's referred to as a strain. The most common areas that suffer strains include calf muscles, groins, and hamstrings.

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